VITAMINS AND MINERALS

Beta-carotene

Source of vitamin A.

 

Provitamin A, or beta-carotene, obtained in foods that are then transformed into vitamin A and turn into retinal, important in regenerating the pigment of the eyes and the development of vision. It is also a powerful antioxidant and protector of the skin against sun damage.

Biotin

Metabolic.

 

Also known as vitamin H, B7 or B8, it is produced by the intestinal bacterial flora. It intervenes in the metabolism of fats, amino acids, purines and carbohydrates. In the cell it binds to the Lysine and forms a coenzyme to transfer carbon dioxide, very important for cellular duplication processes. It is used to prevent muscle aches, eczema, dermatitis, depression, drowsiness and strengthens the nails and skin.

Vitamin B1

Supplements deficiencies.

 

Intake of thiamine or vitamin B1 helps to correct metabolic disorders associated with genetic diseases, including Leigh's disease, urine disease with the smell of maple syrup. It helps to prevent and treat magnesium deficiency, decrease menstrual pain, avoid the risk of cataracts and kidney diseases in diabetics. It also helps to decrease the risk and symptoms of the brain disorder called Wernicke-Korsakoff syndrome (WKS) that is related to low levels of thiamine (thiamine deficiency) and is often seen up to 80% of alcoholics.

Vitamin B2

Support in growth.

 

Riboflavin or vitamin B2 is important for the growth of the body and the production of red blood cells. It also helps in the release of energy from proteins.

Vitamin B3

Energetic metabolism.

 

The Niacin, Nicotinic Acid, vitamin PP or B3, acts in the cellular metabolism, forming part of the coenzymes NAD and NADP. These are essential in energy metabolism and DNA repair in the cell. Niacin is necessary in the elimination of toxic chemicals, in the production of steroid, sexual and stress hormones. It is also a powerful rubefasciente. The coenzymatic forms of niacin participate in the reactions that generate energy by biochemical oxidation of carbohydrates, fats and proteins.

Vitamin B5

Vital in the Krebs cycle.

 

Pantothenic acid or vitamin B5 is given in the form of coenzyme A (CoA), a vital coenzyme in the chemical reactions of the Krebs cycle where cellular respiration and generation of ATP are carried out. It is also part of the formation of cholesterol and certain hormones. It is used to combat stress and fatigue in patients with diseases or post-surgery. It helps to create healthy hair and skin, and to fight acne and wrinkles.

Vitamin B6

Neurotransmitter.

 

The function of pyridoxine or vitamin B6 is to transfer amino groups into amino acids and serve as coenzymes for multiple enzymes. Involved in the metabolism of neurotransmitters and synthesis of dopamine, adrenaline, norepinephrine and GABA. It is necessary in the production of antibodies and red blood cells. A deficiency of vitamin B6 can cause a low level of insulin and affect the absorption of vitamin B12, iron and magnesium.

Vitamin B12

Blood function.

Cobalamin or vitamin B12 is a complex molecule with a cobalt nucleus and corrin rings that only bacteria produce. It is necessary for brain functioning, DNA synthesis, protein metabolism, fatty acids and carbohydrates. It is vital for the formation of red blood cells, as low levels can cause pernicious anemia.

Vitamin C

Nutritional antioxidant.

Ascorbic acid or vitamin C is necessary for normal growth and development, and is better known as an antioxidant. Helps the absorption of iron, repair and maintain bones, teeth, cartilage, and produce collagen and even scar tissue.

Vitamin D

Pure bone.

 

Vitamin D helps the body absorb calcium. It also plays a role in your nervous, muscular and immune systems. Low vitamin D intake causes osteoporosis in adults and rickets in children.

Vitamin E

Multifunctional antioxidant.

 

Vitamin E, or Tecoferol, is an antioxidant agent and prevents reactions of lipid peroxidation or rarefaction. Vitamin E deficiency is generally characterized by neurological disorders due to poor conduction of nerve impulses. Supplemental consumption of vitamin E is necessary in patients who have fat absorption problems. It helps to maintain the immune system, is necessary for the formation of red blood cells and helps to use vitamin K. It is recognized as a preventive of cancer, heart disease, cerebrovascular, hepatic and dementia.

Folic acid

Prevents both pregnancy and cardiovascular risks.

 

Vitamin B9 or folic acid is necessary for the formation of proteins, hemoglobin, sperm and oocytes. Folate supplementation corrects anemia associated with vitamin B12 deficiency. It is important for pregnancy because it maintains a healthy uterus and prevents birth defects in the brain and spine, such as spina bifida. Low levels in the mother produce eclampsia and megaloblastic anemia. It is useful for lowering plasma homocysteine levels and consequently decreasing cardiovascular risk.

Calcium

Pure bone.

 

It is the most abundant mineral in the body and is present in bones and teeth. It is obtained from food, however only between 20% - 40% is absorbed. Its absorption improves with the presence of vitamin D, fat, proteins, vitamin C and acid medium. The best bioavailability is in dairy products.

Chromium

Glucose metabolism.

Chromium is important in the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates. It stimulates the synthesis of fatty acids and cholesterol, which are important for brain function and other bodily processes. It is essential for the body because it regulates glucose metabolism, in addition to helping insulin to distribute glucose to cells. It is often used for type 2 diabetes, and also serves to prevent the formation of blood clots and prevent heart attacks. It is also important for the proper development of the dentition, promotes the increase of muscle mass, weight loss and tolerance to glucose.

Phosphorus

Improves absorption.

 

Phosphorus is a mineral closely related to calcium, both in the shared functions, and in the food sources where it is present or its consumption recommendations. The greater the need for one, the greater the need for the other. The bioavailability of phosphorus improves in the presence of vitamin D, vitamin C and proteins.

Iron

Vital for breathing.

It is a micromineral important for life, but is found in very little proportion in the human body. It is paramount in the transport of oxygen, along with the process of cellular respiration. The needs are greater in women, as iron deficiency causes anemia. There are two chemical ways to find iron in food: heme iron and non-heme iron. The absorption of heme iron is approximately one quarter and this iron is found in foods of animal origin. The non-heme form, present in vegetable foods, is absorbed in a very low amount (3-8%).

Magnesium

Fundamental for the organism.

It is a fundamental macronutrient for bones, teeth and muscles. It is present in more than 300 different enzymes in the body, necessary for the formation of ATP, the action of the heart, the relaxation of blood vessels and the regulation of blood sugar levels. It is protective of the heart and nervous system.

Manganese

Cellular regulator.

Manganese is an essential micromineral, with not very high consumption needs. It is widely distributed in vegetables and its best known functions are in the regulation of cellular reactions. Along with copper, calcium and zinc, it can be useful in the prevention of osteoporosis.

Selenium

Prevents damage.

Selenium helps produce antioxidant enzymes that prevent cell damage. It is necessary for thyroid function. It protects the body from the toxic effects of heavy metals and other harmful substances, is used to combat asthma, and can improve the production and quality of semen. Keshan's disease or myocardial anomaly is caused by a deficiency of selenium.

Zinc

Growth and protection.

 

Zinc is necessary for the immune system to participate in the division and growth of cells, and in the metabolism of carbohydrates. It is also necessary for the senses of smell and taste. During pregnancy, lactation and childhood, the body needs zinc to grow and develop properly. It can reduce the risk of getting sick from the common cold.

Iodo

Thyroid metabolism.

Its main role is the synthesis of thyroid hormones, and for this reason is used for weightloss as since it stimulates the thyroid gland, and while doing so, increases the metabolic activity of the organism. Therefore, the organism increases the metabolism of fats, hydrates and proteins.

Molybdenum

Catalyst.

Molybdenum is an essential catalyst for enzymes to help metabolize fats and carbohydrates, and to facilitate the breakdown of certain amino acids in the body. It decreases the levels of copper in the body, so it is effective to treat fibrotic, inflammatory and autoimmune diseases. Molybdenum deficiency can be the cause of headaches, tachycardia, mental health problems and even comas.

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